Vertebral fracture: Osteoporosis can be the cause
The metabolism-related skeletal disease osteoporosis leads, among other things, to a reduction in bone mass and increased susceptibility to bone fractures. The so-called “bone density” describes the ratio of mineralised bone mass to defined bone volume. In osteoporosis, both density and mass are reduced. In the case of reduced bone density, a small amount of force is often sufficient to cause fractures, especially in the spine and neck of the femur.
The most common vertebral fractures: Fracture of the thoracic or lumbar vertebrae
The vertebrae of the thoracic or lumbar region are usually affected by an osteoporotic vertebral fracture. Normally, vertebral fractures involve the influence of large forces, unless: The vertebrae are compromised, for example, due to a reduction in bone density as a result of osteoporosis or by the onset of bone tumours or metastases in oncological diseases.
Osteoporosis and its consequences for the spine
Symptoms for a vertebral fracture
Signs of fracture of a vertebra may include:
- Pain due to pressure, percussion and compression in the affected section
- Elevation or palpable gap in the spinous process
- Limited range of spinal movement
- Adaptive posture Hardening of the muscles
If the spinal cord is affected, there may be associated disorders below the level of the fracture or neurological deficits, for example:
- Signs of paralysis
- Bladder and rectal control disorders
- Sensory disturbances
- Hyper-elevated or weakened reflexes
Vertebral fractures can occasionally be completely symptom-free!
Treatment of vertebral fractures
Recovery time for vertebral fractures
The course and prognosis of a vertebral fracture are usually good. The decisive factor is the extent to which nerve tissue was affected by the fracture. For a stable vertebral fracture, a recovery period of a few weeks to a few months can usually be expected. In the case of unstable fractures, the recovery process may be delayed accordingly.
Health personnel will make the diagnosis and can prescribe compression stockings, e.g. from medi if necessary.
Your medical retailer will fit them individually for you.