Foot deformities

Many people suffer from foot deformities. These not only cause symptoms in the feet, but they can also lead to problems in the hips, back or knees. The foundations for this are often laid in childhood.

Children's feet

Our feet – masterpieces of evolution

Our feet take about 5,000 steps every day on average. They have a very complex construction to enable them to do this. Numerous bones, joints, muscles, ligaments and tendons guarantee perfect function – as long as our feet are healthy.

Flat foot

Paediatricians are warning that many of their little patients are not getting enough exercise. Activities such as walking, running, cycling, playing games and romping around used to be a part of everyday life for children of past generations. These days, TV, notebooks or smartphones have replaced exercise outdoors in the fresh air. Muscle weakness, poor co-ordination and poor posture are the result. Besides more physical exercise, physiotherapy and orthopaedic insoles can help.

A foot deformity is normal during the early stages of development and flat foot is the one found most commonly in children. Here the foot tilts inward and flattens when walking or standing, which puts more stress on the joints. This position of the foot is physiological until about the age of 5 and, as a rule, does not have to be treated.

However, if symptoms develop that indicate pathological changes or if the deformity does not correct itself, action must be taken. Supportive correction with orthopaedic insoles is the treatment of choice. It is also advisable to strengthen the muscles of the feet. Exercises and walking barefoot on different surfaces strengthen the muscles and also improve body posture.

Pes adductus (skewfoot)

Many infants have skewfoot deformity, in one or both feet. The forefoot is turned inwards compared with the hindfoot, so that the foot is bent like the blade of a sickle.* In most cases, the skewfoot corrects itself. If therapy becomes necessary, it is advisable to correct the position of the foot.

*(Source: page 14 http://www.eurocom-info.de/fileadmin/freigabe/user_upload/Dokumente_eurocom/pdf_Dokumente_eurocom/Publikationen/Kinderothopaedie.pdf)

Claw foot

In claw foot, the longitudinal arch and the ball of the big toe are too pronounced. This deformity can be hereditary. A claw foot usually develops when the short muscles of the feet are weak or paralysed. Treatment depends on the degree of severity of the foot deformity. Conservative treatment consists of orthopaedic insoles and night splints. Exercises are also recommended for claw foot. Suitable exercises can support orthopaedic treatment.**

**(Source: www.onmeda.de/krankheiten/hohlfuss.html)

Prevent foot deformities

Preventing foot deformities in childhood is better than correction of foot deformities. Walking barefoot is the single most important preventive measure.

***Foot exercises are also very suitable for strengthening the muscles and increasing mobility. The choice of the right shoes is also enormously important. According to a study conducted in Germany by Tübingen University, two out of three children wear shoes that are too small for them. Shoes that are too small can cause deformities with lifelong consequences. A light shoe with a flexible sole for dynamic rollover is the best choice. It is also important to have a large enough space between the shoe and the toes.

***(Source: www.familie-kompakt.de/artikel/fussfehlsstellungen-bei-Kindern.html)

Correcting foot deformities

If a foot deformity has to be corrected orthopaedically, the igli carbon insoles from medi are a good choice. These are highly specialised orthopaedic medical devices that have been developed in collaboration with doctors and physiotherapists. The flexible insoles support every movement and can activate the muscles of the foot. This helps optimise sequences of movements and the body's posture.

Providing children with orthopaedic medical devices poses a particular challenge. The individual needs must be successfully fulfilled. The medical device should have the best possible effect, but at the same time hinder the child as little as possible in its everyday life. It is important that insoles fit well and are securely seated in the shoe when children are playing and romping around.

The special medi insoles igli Junior Orange and igli Junior Blue C+ embed the foot, support the muscles of the feet during the rollover phase and stabilise the arch of the foot. By doing this, they can correct deformities during the growth phase.

Visit your surgical appliance supplier for in-depth advice. Your orthopaedic shoe technologist will fit the insole individually.

igli carbon insoles from medi

If a foot deformity has to be corrected orthopaedically, the igli carbon insoles from medi are a good choice. These are highly specialised orthopaedic medical devices that have been developed in collaboration with doctors and physiotherapists. The flexible insoles support every movement and can activate the muscles of the foot. This helps optimise sequences of movements and the body's posture.

Providing children with orthopaedic medical devices presents a particular challenge. The individual needs must be successfully fulfilled. The medical device should have the best possible effect, but at the same time hinder the child as little as possible in its everyday life. It is important that insoles fit well and are securely seated in the shoe when children are playing and romping around.

The special medi insoles igli Junior Orange and igli Junior Blue C+ embed the foot, support the muscles of the feet during the rollover phase and stabilise the arch of the foot. By doing this, they can correct deformities during the growth phase.

Visit your surgical appliance supplier for in-depth advice. Your orthopaedic shoe technologist will fit the insole individually.

igli junior carbon insoles from medi

 

Orthopaedic insoles

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Highlights

The right insole for every foot

igli carbon insoles

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Orthopaedic insoles from medi

Treating foot problems

Orthopaedic insoles

The human body

Joints

The joints in the human body have different shapes

Joints

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